Mali will no longer participate in the affairs of the African Union, a continental body which brings together the 55 member states.
The African Union effectively suspended Mali’s membership and threatened sanctions in response to a second military coup last Friday.
Former Vice President Assimi Goita, a colonel who led the two coups, was declared president on Friday. Acting President Bah Ndaw and Prime Minister Moctar Ouane were arrested and forced to resign.
In a statement, the AU Peace and Security Council said Mali’s suspension – effective immediately – would remain until “normal constitutional order is restored”.
In the absence of “an unhindered, transparent and swift return to the civilian-led transition,” the council said targets would follow.
Below is the full AU statement against the situation in Mali
Adopted by the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 1001st meeting held on June 1, 2021, on the situation in Mali.
The Peace and Security Council,
Recalling its previous press releases and press releases on the situation in Mali and the Sahel region, in particular Communiqué [PSC/PR/COMM. (M)] adopted at its 1000th meeting held on May 25, 2021 and Communiqué [PSC/PR/COMM.(CMXLl)] adopted at its 941st meeting held on August 19, 2020;
Taking note of the opening remarks by the President of the PSC for June 2021 and Permanent Representative of the Republic of Burundi to the AU, HE Ambassador Joel Nkurabagaya and of the statements by the AU Commissioner for Political Affairs, peace and security, Ambassador Bankole Adeoye; HE Ambassador Amma Adomaa Twum-Amoah, Permanent Representative of Ghana to the AU, as representative of the President of ECOWAS and Ambassador Fafre Camara, Permanent Representative of Mali to the AU, as well as briefing by the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the AU Commission and Head of the AU Mission for the Sahel (MISAHEL), HE Ambassador Maman Sidikou;
Deeply concerned at the evolution of the situation in Mali and its negative impact on the progress made so far in the transition process in the country;
Also recalling the Communiqué of the Extraordinary Summit of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), held on May 30, 2021 in Accra, Ghana;
Taking into account the provisions of all relevant normative instruments of the AU, including the Constitutive Act of the AU; the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union; the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance; and the Declaration on the Framework for an OAU Response to Unconstitutional Changes of Government, adopted by the 36th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the OAU, held in Lomé, Togo, in July 2000 (the Lomé Declaration);
Reaffirming the AU’s unwavering commitment to respect the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Mali, as well as the solidarity of the AU with the people and government of Mali;
Acting under Article 7 of its Protocol, the Peace and Security Council,
1. Endorses the decisions adopted by the Authority of Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS, as indicated in paragraph 8 of its communiqué issued on May 30, 2021, in Accra, Ghana;
2. Condemns in the strongest terms possible and totally rejects coups and unconstitutional changes of government on the continent, in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 (p) of the Constitutive Act of the AU;
3. Decides, therefore, in accordance with the relevant normative instruments of the AU, to immediately suspend the Republic of Mali from participation in all activities of the African Union, its organs and institutions, until the normal constitutional order is restored in the country;
4. Strongly urges the Malian army to return urgently and unconditionally to the barracks and to refrain from any further interference in political processes in Mali, while calling for the creation of conditions conducive to an unhindered return, transparent and rapid transition, on the basis of the transition roadmap agreed for Mali, failing which, the Council will not hesitate to impose targeted sanctions and other punitive measures against any disruptors of the ongoing transition ;
5. Calls on the Malian defense and security forces to immediately lift all restrictions imposed on all political actors, including the house arrest of HE Bah N’Daw and HE Moctar Ouane;
6. Calls on the transitional authorities to respect and respect the transitional period of 18 months initially foreseen and, consequently, once again calls on the Malian people to place the supreme interests of the country and its people above all, to remain calm and to continue to work together within the framework of the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Mali of 2015, resulting from the Algiers process, with the effective participation of women, young people and Malians in the diaspora, to resolve the crisis current, and organize credible democratic elections on February 27, 2022;
7. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission, through his Special Representative and Head of the AU Mission in Mali and the Sahel (MISAHEL), to continue to coordinate closely with the Special Envoy and Mediator of the ECOWAS in Mali, HE Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, former President of the Republic of Nigeria;
8. Expresses its support for the United Nations Multidimensional Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and commends its efforts in Mali, while reiterating the AU’s readiness to actively collaborate with the United Nations to maintain peace, stability and security in Mali;
9. Demands unequivocally that the current leaders of the transition process, in particular the Head of the Transition, the Vice-President and the Prime Minister, are in no way candidates for the next presidential election in Mali;
10. Calls on military leaders and all political stakeholders to fully and unconditionally respect the Transition Charter while calling for the immediate appointment of a civilian prime minister to lead the conclusion of the transition process and coordinate a process of national reconciliation and a truly inclusive dialogue for the stability of Mali;
11. Further decides to set up a PSC assessment mission in Mali, to engage in dialogue with all relevant stakeholders and the ECOWAS Special Envoy and Mediator, in order to identify areas in which the AU could provide assistance. support to Mali, in particular with regard to the implementation of the transition program and the holding of elections;
12. Urges the international community to provide financial support to Mali in order to enable it to meet the serious macroeconomic challenges facing the country and to ensure that the transition plan does not derail;
13. Also requests the President of the Commission to closely follow the situation in Mali and to provide regular updates to the Council, at least quarterly and if necessary; and
14. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.