1693: The most powerful earthquake in Italian history hits Sicily and southern Italy.
1787: Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, are discovered by William Herschel.
1861: Alabama secedes from the Union.
1864: Opening of Charing Cross station in London.
1879: The Zulu War begins as British Lieutenant-General Chelmsford invades Zululand in South Africa.
1919: Romania annexed Transylvania.
1922: Insulin is used for the first time in humans to treat diabetes, at 14-year-old Leonard Thompson.
1924: Greece is proclaimed a republic upon the dismissal of King George II.
1927: Louis B. Mayer, director of the MGM film studio, announces the creation of the Academy of Cinema Arts and Sciences.
1928: novelist Thomas Hardy dies at the age of 87.
1935: Aviator Amelia Earhart flies nonstop from Honolulu to Oakland, California.
1940: creation of the ballet “Romeo and Juliet” by Sergei Prokofiev in Leningrad.
1942: Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
1946: The People’s Republic of Albania is declared with Enver Hoxha as dictator.
1957: The African Convention is founded in Dakar. On the same day, mass murderer John Graham, who detonated a plane with a time bomb as part of a plot to claim a life insurance policy taken out on his mother, went to the bedroom at gas.
1958: The UK release date of Elvis Presley’s single Prison rock is postponed for a week after Decca Records’ UK pressing plant is unable to meet 250,000 advance orders.
1961: A race riot breaks out at the University of Georgia.
1962: A huge avalanche in the Peruvian Andes caused by the eruption of the Huascaran volcano engulfs nine villages, killing around 4,000 people.
1963: The Beatles record their first national TV show, ITV’s “Thank Your Lucky Stars”, mimicking their new single Please make me happy.
1967: The Jimi Hendrix Experience records “Purple Haze” at De Lane Lea studios in London.
1970: Singles table:
- Two Little Boys – Rolf Harris
- Suspicious Minds – Elvis Presley
- All I have to do is Drean – Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell
- Ruby Don; t Take Your Love To Town – Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
- Tracy – Cufflinks
- Sugar Sugar – Les Archies
- Melting Pot – Blue Mink
- Good Old Rock N Roll – The Dave Clark Five
- Reflections of my life – Marmalade
- Come and get it – Badfinger
- Abbey Road – The Beatles
- Motown Chartbusters Vol 3 – Various artists
- Let It Bleed – The Rolling Stones
- To Our Children’s Children – The Moody Blues
- Led Zeppelin II – Led Zeppelin
- The Sound of Music – Soundtrack
- Through the Dark Past: Big Hots Vol 2 – The Rolling Stones
- Going Places – Herb Alpert et le Tijuana Brass
- Living in Las Vegas – Tom Jones
- In the Court of the Crimson King – King Crimson
1973: The first graduates of the Open University graduate.
1981: A British team led by Ranulph Fiennes completes the longest and fastest crossing of Antarctica, reaching Scott’s base after 75 days and 2,500 miles.
1993: British Airways ends one of the bitterest and most protracted libel actions in aviation history in humiliating descent as BA lawyer Christopher Clarke QC apologizes “wholeheartedly” in the High Court for an alleged campaign of “dirty tricks” against Virgin Atlantic.
1998: Islamist extremists are accused of the deaths of 100 people in two villages in Algeria.
2000: Seven young fishermen drown off the Scottish coast after their scallop dredge disappeared in force nine gales. Their bodies were found three weeks later.
2002: Mickey Finn percussionist in Tyrannosaurus Rex (T. Rex), died of kidney and liver problems at the age of 55.
2008: mountaineer Sir Edmund Hilary dies at the age of 88.
2009: Sports broadcaster David Vine dies at the age of 74.
2015: Actress Anita Ekberg dies at the age of 88.
2016: Lionel Messi wins a fifth Ballon d’Or, a record.
2018: YouTube sanctions vlogger Logan Paul after posting images of the body of a suicide victim in Japan in December 2017. On the same day, US President Donald Trump sparked global controversy when it was reported that he called African countries “a ** hole” during a meeting.
2020: Taiwan re-elects Tsai Ing-wen for a second term as president in an overwhelming result. On the same day, a 100-year-old turtle retreats to the Galapagos Islands after its high libido saves its species.
2021: Ireland becomes the country with the highest COVID-19 infection rate in the world. On the same day, House Democrats in the United States introduced an impeachment article against President Donald Trump for “inciting insurgency” for encouraging his supporters to revolt on Capitol Hill in Washington DC on January 6.
BIRTHDAYS: Arthur Scargill, trade unionist, 84 years old; Tony Kaye (Selvidge), keyboards (Yes) 76; Terry Williams, drummer, 74; Lee Ritenour, guitarist, 70; Bryan Robson, footballer, 65; Vicki Peterson, guitarist / singer (The Bangles) 64; Mary J Blige, singer-songwriter / actress, 51; Tom Rowlands, DJ, (The Chemical Brothers) 51; Amanda Peet, actress, 50; Emile Heskey, footballer, 44 years old; Jamelia (Davis), singer / TV presenter, 41; Newton Faulkner, singer-songwriter, 37; Rachel Riley, TV presenter, 36; Jamie Vardy, footballer, 35; Louisa Johnson, singer, 25.