Moscow aims to conclude Iran nuclear deal talks by end of February

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MOSCOW, February 7. /TASS/. Moscow is seeking to complete talks on returning to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear program in February this year, Russia’s permanent envoy to international organizations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, said in a statement. an interview with the daily Kommersant.

“In any case, we will endeavor to complete the negotiations as soon as possible, preferably within the current month,” he said.

Ulyanov noted that Moscow has categorically rejected the establishment of “artificial deadlines” for the completion of negotiations, but believes that they should not be delayed. “As far as the Russian Federation is concerned, we are firmly against setting artificial deadlines. At the same time, we agree that the negotiations should not drag on and if desired, they can be completed by now. the end of this month. It is real in the presence of political will and willingness of the parties to show reasonable flexibility,” he added.

According to Ulyanov, a final document on restoring the Iran nuclear deal has already been drafted.

“I think so, the current stage can be called the final. A lot of work has been done,” he said when asked what stage the talks are at.

“A final document has been drafted. It contains several provisions that require further work but the document is on the table. It is quite long, at more than 20 pages. It is the basis for completing the talks in a short period of time. “, did he declare. .

According to the Russian diplomat, it will be a political document outlining concrete steps to return to the original nuclear deal. “A political part and supplements. The document covers the questions of the cancellation of the American sanctions, as well as the steps in the nuclear field that Iran will have to make and, finally, the sequence of the implementation of these agreements” , he explained.

“When the final agreement is reached, a period of preparation for its implementation will begin. This may take a few months. And after that, a day will come when we will finally see the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action – TASS) in action in the format agreed in 2015. But this is only a rough plan and we will have to work on it more, ”said Ulyanov.

When asked if the outcome document would require action from the United Nations Security Council, which passed a special resolution in favor of the JCPOA in 2015, Ulyanov noted that the subject of another resolution of the UN had not been raised. “There probably won’t be a need,” he added.

The Joint Commission for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has held seven offline meetings in Vienna since April to find ways to restore the nuclear deal to its original form. The parties discuss the prospects for a possible return of the United States to the agreement, the measures necessary to ensure full compliance with the terms of the agreement by Iran and questions of lifting anti-Iranian sanctions.

The eighth round of talks began on December 27, 2021. It is expected to be the last as negotiators are expected to complete work in early February.

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), also known as the Iran nuclear deal, was signed between Iran, the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (Russia, United Kingdom, China, the United States and France) and Germany in 2015. As part of the agreement, Iran pledged to curb its nuclear activities and place them under the full control of the International Security Agency. energy (IAEA) in exchange for the abandonment of sanctions previously imposed by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union and the United States on their nuclear program.

The future of the deal was called into question after the unilateral US withdrawal in May 2018 and Washington’s unilateral oil export sanctions against Tehran. Iran argued that all other participants, the Europeans in the first place, ignored some of their own obligations in the economic field, thus making the agreement in its current form senseless. That said, it has begun to gradually reduce its commitments under the deal.

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