This National Police Academy (NPC) symposium ended on Friday, June 18, with a focus on environmental challenges, transnational organized crime and pandemics, among the main security threats affecting the African continent .
Local Government Minister Jean Marie Vianney Gatabazi, at the official closing of the symposium, said the dynamics of 21st century peace and security are becoming more complex than ever, mainly due to the changing nature of security threats , including cybercrimes and high-tech crimes. , environmental threats, terrorism, transnational organized crime and the changing nature of pandemics.
“In the face of emerging security threats, it is imperative to be aware of their trends and impacts in order to be able to reshape political, legal and operational frameworks at national and regional levels in light of new developments,” said Minister Gatabazi.
He added that involving the students of the Police Command and Staff Course and other participants from 13 different countries in such interactions on the dynamics of global peace, security and justice and regional is a “better way to increase the number of strategic leaders capable of dealing with emerging issues.” security threats and ensure a favorable environment for socio-economic activities in their respective countries.
On the issue of environmental challenges, Environment Minister Jeanne d’Arc Mujawamariya said that climate and environmental changes can cause conflicts that compromise security.
“They affect people’s ability to earn a living. We cannot live without security, nor can we live without a good environment. These two elements complement each other, ”Minister Mujawamariya said.
David Smith, program manager of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in Nairobi, said the key to minimizing security problems resulting from environmental effects is to build climate resilience and institutional capacity and that Rwanda is a model for meeting environmental security challenges.
To this, Juliet Kabera, the Director General of the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA) noted that in strengthening resilience to climate change, the constitutional provisions on environmental protection and rights people must be applied.
“We have a long-term vision of 2050 t of low carbon emissions. By 2030, we must have achieved Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for a resilient environment, ”Kabera said.
Transnational organized crime: a growing security threat for Africa
Gideon Kimuli, head of Interpol’s regional office in Nairobi, who has echoed cross-border crimes in Africa, said responding to transnational crimes requires building centers in countries specializing in responding to sophisticated crimes of this time.
Attorney General Aimable Havugiyaremye observed that technology is changing the way certain types of long-established crimes are committed.
“Law enforcement and the justice system must be adapted to the digital age; they must use modern technology and be equipped with tools and skills to deal with modern crime, ”said Havugiyaremye
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Africa: Rwanda in perspective
Regarding the threats posed by pandemics, Dr Theophile Dushime, Chief Technical Advisor at the Ministry of Health underlined strong leadership, active partnership, multisectoral and regional collaboration, community engagement, continuity of essential services, data science and innovation as some of the key factors in Rwanda’s preparedness and response plan.
Leonard Rugwabiza Minega, economic adviser in the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, said that to revive the economy ruined by pandemics, Africa must industrialize, including manufacturing vaccines and medical supplies.
“As we have seen, we cannot depend on others for our livelihoods,” Rugwabiza said.
Rwanda National Police (RNP) spokesperson CP John Bosco Kabera said that as a force tasked with implementing COVID-19 prevention measures, the RNP should mobilize and deploy officers in risk areas, educate and raise awareness, and build public confidence.
“To help Rwandans understand the danger of COVID-19, our communications had to be consistent with simple but actionable messages, engaging across platforms and educational. We have embraced the use of technology to convey messages such as drones. After all, we want citizens to take responsibility for protecting themselves first, ”said CP Kabera.