The volume of goods transiting along the northern corridor in the East African community bloc has reportedly decreased due to the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.
According to the report of the 16th edition of the Northern Corridor Transit and Transport Coordination Authority for June 2021, logistics companies involved in the movement, storage and circulation of goods have been directly affected by the COVID pandemic -19.
Logistics companies connect businesses to markets by providing a variety of services including multimodal transportation, freight forwarding, warehousing and inventory management.
This means that disruptions to the industry’s supply chain caused by the pandemic could impact transportation and trade costs.
The northern corridor connects the port of Mombasa in Kenya to Bujumbura in Burundi and is part of the Trans-African route (Mombasa – Lagos) while the Tunduma – Moyale road is part of the Cape Town to Cairo route.
The Northern Corridor (1,700 km long) leaves from the port of Mombasa and serves Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and eastern DRC.
While navigating the northern corridor, you must cross; Nairobi – Nakuru – Eldoret – Bungoma – Malaba – Bugiri – Jinja – Kampala – Masaka – Katuna / Gatuna – Kigali – Nemba / Gasenyi – Ngozi – Kayanza – Bugarama – Bujumbura.
Agricultural products represent over 40% of all goods traded within the East African Community (EAC) [WB 2009]. Specifically, coffee, tea, rice, maize and wheat are the predominant trade commodities among the EAC states including Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi.
Between 2011 and 2015, 49% of Kenya’s intra-EAC exports went to Uganda, 29% to Tanzania, 10% to Rwanda and 12% to Burundi. Likewise, 50% of Kenya’s intra-EAC imports came from Uganda, 46% from Tanzania, and the remaining part was shipped from Rwanda and Burundi. [The East African 2016].
Besides manufacturing and private consumption, intra-EAC trade has been hailed as one of the main drivers of economic growth in East Africa [AfDB 2018] despite the obstacles to the harmonization of different national regulations [Kafeero 2007].