By Natalia Kochiashvili
Wednesday September 22
The Georgian Foreign Ministry condemned the holding of the Russian State Duma elections in occupied Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region as “another destructive measure of Moscow that violates basic norms of international law and completely ignores the Charter of United Nations and the Helsinki Final Act. “? The MFA urged the international community to provide an appropriate response. to the country’s illegal activities in Georgia.
The MFA pointed out that the population of the occupied region of Georgia is electing majority deputies in the districts of Voronezh, Leningrad, Samara and Zabaykalsky Krai, as well as political parties in Russia, clearly indicates the ongoing process of annexation of facto of these regions. .
Since the 2000s, Russia has carried out forced and illegal passports in Abkhazia and Tskhinvali, while maintaining the occupation and effective control of these areas, preventing hundreds of thousands of IDPs and refugees from returning to their homes. The ministry points out that a recent judgment of the European Court of Human Rights transferred all responsibility to Russia for human rights violations in the regions, stressing that “Russia exercises effective control” over Abkhazia and Tskhinvali.
âThe holding of elections on the ground, in particular for the composition of the legislature of the occupying state, is illegal and will probably not bring any legal results. ”
In occupied Abkhazia, 9 polling stations were opened for the Russian State Duma elections, while in the Tskhinvali region 10 polling stations were established. Russian occupation soldiers and officers of the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) also had the right to vote. According to preliminary assessments, more than 25,000 people from the Georgian regions of Tskhinvali and Abkhazia voted in the Russian elections.
Tskhinvali-based RES news agency said the Russian Central Election Commission had attached South Ossetian residents of Russian nationality to Trans-Baikal Territory, Chita constituency in remote Siberia.
Tbilisi also condemned an agreement signed between Russia and Tskhinvali ?? on dual nationality ?? September 20, which allows the residents of Tskhinvali to receive Russian citizenship without losing ?? South Ossetia ?? citizenship.
The document, approved by the Russian president in August, allows citizens on one side to acquire citizenship on the other without giving up their papers and simplifies the process of obtaining Russian citizenship for South Ossetians. Tskhinvali or Moscow could choose to grant these benefits to a dual citizen who lives in the jurisdiction of the other party.
The agreement comes into force after being ratified and will be valid for 5 years and automatically renewed. Termination of the document does not result in termination of the citizenship of either party.
Russian citizens voted for the State Duma for a 5-year term, with the most outspoken critics of the Kremlin denied the right to participate in the elections. With 99% of the ballots counted, the pro-Putin United Russia Party obtained almost 50%, followed by the Communist Party with 19.2%, Vladimir Zhirinovsky ?? s the Liberal Democratic Party 7.48%, A Fair Russia ?? Patriots ?? For the truth ?? 7.43%, and new people ?? 5.4%. For the first time since 1993, the OSCE did not send observers to Russia citing the limitations of the Russian authorities.
Following the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia, Russia recognized Abkhazia and Tskhinvali as independent states. Only Venezuela, Nicaragua, Nauru and Syria have joined Russia in recognition since then, while the rest of the international community has urged it to leave Georgian territories.
Recall that recently, on September 19, the delegation of the Syrian Arab Republic led by the Vice-President of the National Assembly Mohammad Akram al-Ajlani visited the occupied region of Tskhinvali / South Ossetia, hosted by the leader supported by the Kremlin Anatoly Bibilov for the “Republic Day”? celebrations on September 19.